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Where Is Turkmenistan and
What Is It Known For?


Mosque in Ashbagat, Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan, in central Asia, comprises the plains of the Karakum (Black Sand) Desert, the foothills of the Kopet Dag mountains in the south, the Amurdar’ya valley in the north and the Caspian Sea plains in the west.

Until 1991, it was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR). Turkmenistan is one of the six independent Turkic states. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, Uzbekistan to the east and northeast, Kazakhstan to the north and northwest and the Caspian Sea to the west.

The economy is based mainly on irrigated agriculture (chiefly cotton growing), and natural gas and oil. It possesses the world's fourth largest reserves of natural gas resources. Although it is wealthy in natural resources in certain areas, most of the country is covered by the Karakum Desert. Ukraine, Iran, Turkey and the Russian Federation are the main trading partners.

The climate is dry, with extreme temperatures.

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