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Where Is Tanzania and What
Is It Known For?


Wildebeest crossing the Mara River during the migration, Serengeti, Tanzania.

Tanzania lies on the coast of east Africa and includes the island of Zanzibar in the Indian Ocean. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. The country's eastern borders lie on the Indian Ocean.

Most of the mainland is a savanna plateau lying east of the Great Rift Valley. In the north, near the border with Kenya, is Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa. The climate is tropical.

The economy is predominant based on agriculture, which employs an estimated ninety percent of the workforce. Agriculture processing and gold and diamond mining are the main industries, although tourism is growing. Coffee, cotton, cashew nuts and tobacco are the main exports, with cloves from Zanzibar. Most export trade is with India and the UK. Tanzania depends heavily on foreign aid.

Serengeti National Park, Tanzania's oldest and most popular national park, is a world heritage site and recently proclaimed a 7th worldwide wonder. It is famed for its annual migration, when some six million hooves pound the open plains, as more than 200,000 zebra and 300,000 Thomson's gazelle join the wildebeest’s trek for fresh grazing.

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