Where Is Morocco and What
Is It Known For?
Lying in the northwest corner of Africa, Morocco has both Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts. It is bordered by Spain to the north (a water border through the Strait and land borders with three small Spanish-controlled exclaves, Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera), Algeria to the east, and Mauritania to the south. It has a population of nearly 33 million and an area of 710,850 km².
Morocco is a de jure constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The king holds vast executive powers, including dissolving parliament at will. Executive power is exercised by the government and by the king as well. The king can also issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law.
The Atlas Mountains separate the arid south and disputed region of Western Sahara from the fertile regions of the west and north, which have a milder climate. Most Moroccans live on the Atlantic coastal plain. The economy is based on agriculture, phosphate mining and tourism; the most important industries are food processing, textiles and chemicals. France is the main trading partner.